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Normalität 1-10

Normality 1–X
Still from the film "Normality 1–X" by Hito Steyerl. A close-up of a dark-haired woman, a political demonstration in the background with people milling and carrying banners with political slogans.
© Hito Steyerl
  • Director

    Hito Steyerl

  • Austria, Germany / 2001
    38 min. / Original version with English subtitles

  • Original language

    German, English

From 1999 to 2001, Hito Steyerl made a series of short videos, each with the same title: NORMALITÄT 1–X. As she comments at the end of the third part, it was never planned as a series, but what other reaction was possible at a time and place where normality had come to stand for violence? Steyerl passes the thematic baton from each part to the next with characteristic acuity, cutting a zig-zagging path through Germany and Austria on grainy VHS that ends at the 10-year anniversary of reunification, although there is little to celebrate. Desecrated Jewish graves foreshadow anti-Semitic comments on German chat shows, while the same defilements in Vienna flow into shouted expressions of solidarity with Austria in Berlin on the election success of the FPÖ. A bombing in Düsseldorf that targeted Jewish immigrants ushers in a whole series of attacks on refugees, migrants and foreigners across the country. The news ticker on the Hannover U-Bahn reporting on one such attack gives way to the empty promises of the Expo and people of colour in Germany mobilising against racism and capitalism. From the vantage point of now, such normality might seem far away, but there’s always a new normal. (James Lattimer)

Hito Steyerl, born in 1966 in Munich, Germany. She studied art as well as film. Her works operate at the intersection between film and visual art and are shown at film festivals and in art exhibitions around the world. Her teaching experience includes several years at the University of the Arts in Berlin. She currently teaches at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.

Director Hito Steyerl. Cinematography Marcus Carney, Hito Steyerl. Music Arnold Schönberg.

Films: 1994: Deutschland und das Ich (42 min.). 1998: The Empty Centre (62 min.). 2001: Normality 1-X (37 min.). 2004: November (25 min.). 2007: Journal No. 1: An Artist's Impression (21 min.), Lovely Andrea (30 min.). 2010: In Free Fall (34 min.). 2012: Abstract (7 min.). 2013: How Not to Be Seen: A Fucking Didactic Educational (16 min.). 2014: Liquidity Inc. (30 min.). 2015: Factory of the Sun (23 min.). 2020: SocialSim (18 min.).

Bonus Material


  • Still from the film "Normality 1–X" by Hito Steyerl. A cementary with a tombstone with an inscripition in Hebrew in the background. A man is standing in front of it.


    Mark Terkessidis talks with Hito Steyerl about the film (in German).

Forum Special 2022

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